Mexican History Time lines 
 

 


Pre-Columbian History TimeLine
 

Time

era name

Mexico

World

 

 

40,000 BC

Pre-agricultural era

Last Ice Age

Neanderthal man dies out

 

 

11,500

 

oldest human remains found in Mexico 11,500 year old skull

 

 

 

8,000 BC

Landbridge to Siberia goes underwater

Agriculture beings in Middle East

 

 

7,500 BC

Mural Art, Baja
7,000 Large animals vanish, less rainfall

Walled city of Jericho

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

 

5,000
-
 
 
 
2,000
 
 
 
 
1,500 BC

Archaic  era

evidence of agriculture at Tehuacan
 
 
 
 
Pottery appears
 
 
 
1300 Tlatilco figurines, Lake Texcoco

5,000 Sea divides Britain from Europe
3100 1st Egyptian Dynasty
2700 Great Pyramid built
2,500 Indus civilization
2,500 Knossos founded
2,350 Sumerian empire founded
2200 Xia Dynasty China
1850 Stonehenge started
1760 Shang Dynasty China
1,750 Hammurabi
1304 Rameses the Great

 

 

1,500

Pre-Classic era

Terracing and chinampas (floating gardens)

 

 

 

1400

earliest ballcourts found in Paso de la Amada

 

 

 

1200

Beginning of Olmec Culture

 

 

 

1300

 

1300 Rameses the great

 

 

1200

 

 1232 Israelites in Canaan

 

 

1100

 

1122 Zhou Dynasty China

 

 

1000

 

1050 Dorians invade lower greece

 

 

900

900 San Lorenzo abanonded by Olmecs, La Venta becomes Olmec center Oldest Olmec writing found

 

 

 

800

 

814 Carthage Founded

 

 

700

700
 
 
500 Oldest Zapotec writing
 
Height of Olmec Culture
 
 
 
 
400

776 1st Olympic Games
750s Height of Assyria
752 Rome founded

 

 

600

End of Assyrian Empire

 

 

500

563 Buddha born
551 Confucus born
559 Cyrus founds Persian Empire

 

 

400

480 Battle of Thermopylae
460 Age of Pericles

 

 

300
 
200

Decline of Olmecs

323 Alexander dies at Babylon

 

 
Han Dynasty

100

Classic Era

150
Cholula Pyramid started
Height of Teotihuacan civilization
150 AD Pyramid of the Sun constructed
 
 
 
 
450
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
26 BC
 
 
 
 
Roman Empire
 
 
 
 
 
 
476 AD

0

 

100

 

200

250
 
 
Mayan Classic Age
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
900

300

 

400

 

500

rise of Xochicalco, El Tajin, Cholula

 

 

600

650 Teotihuacan sacked
rise of Zapotecs in Oaxaca

 

632 Death of Muhammad

700

 

 

 

800

 

 

 

900

900
Toltec Empire dominates much of central Mexico
1100

 

981 Vikings in Greenland

1000

Post Classic Era

 

 

1066 Hastings
1st Crusade

1100

 

 

 

1200

 

Inca Empire

Mongol Empire

1215 Magna Carta

1300

1325 Aztecs found Tenochtitlan

 

1400

1428
Aztec Empire
1521

1453 Fall of Constantinople
Columbus

1500

 

 

1600

 

 

 

 

 
After Arrival of Spanish TimeLine
 
 

 

Year

 

Mexico

Americas

Europe

Asia

1517

 

Cordoba expedition

 

Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses

 

1518

C
o
l
o
n
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a
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M
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I
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o
 
 
 
N
u
e
v
a
 
E
s
p
a
n
a

Juan de Grijalva expedition
Cortes leaves Cuba for Mexico

 

 

 

1521

1521, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan was conquered

 

 

 

1522

Cortes was appointed governor and captain general of New Spain

 

 

 

1524

Council of the Indies created

 

 

 

1527

Audiencia est in New Spain

 

 

 

1531

vision of the  Virgin of Guadalupe

 

 

 

1533

Mexico City University founded

 

 

 

1536

first coins minted in New Spain

 

 

 

1537

 the New Laws outlaw indian slavery

 

 

 

1540

Coronado searches for Cibola

 

 

 

1541

Mixton War of 1540 -41

 

 

 

1546

Chichimeca War

 

 

 

1547

Mayan War against Spanish for 20 years

 

 

 

1560

ships travel in annual convoys for protection

 

 

 

1563

cathedral in Mexico City started

 

 

 

1564

Trade with China Established

 

 

 

1571

Spanish Inquisition in Mexico till 1820

 

Battle of Lepanto

 

1588

 

 

defeat of Spanish Armada

 

1610

Santa Fe colony founded

 

 

 

1619

 

Jamestown, Virgina founded

 

 

1624

 

Virginia becomes a crown colony

 

 

1642

 

 

English Civil War

 

1644

 

 

 

Qing dynasty begins

1692

 

Salem witch trials

 

 

1695

Sor Juana de la Cruz dies

 

Peter the Great in Europe

 

1697

last Msyan kingdom of Canek capitulates

 

 

 

1700

Bourbon Reforms start under Philip V of Spain

 

Treaty of Utrecht ends War of the Spanish Succession
Britain granted asiento to supply slaves to the Spanish America

 

1713

 

 

 

 

1750s

paintings of Miguel Cabrera

French and Indian War till 1763

 

 

1762

 

 

Rousseau publishes Social Contract

 

1764

Jose de Galvez in New Spain

Stamp Act

 

 

1767

Jesuits expelled

 

 

Cook in Pacific

1769

Missions est in California

 

 

 

1773

 

Boston Tea Party

 

 

1775

 

American Revolution starts

 

 

1785

Castillo de Chapultepec built

 

 

 

1787

 

US Constitution signed

 

 

1789

 

Washington first president

French Revolution begins

English Convicts sent to Australia

1803

 

Louisiana Purchase

 

 

1804

Silver production rises to 27 million Pesos

 

Napoleon crowns himself emperor

 

1808

 

 

Napoleon invades Spain

 

1810

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's 1810 Grito de Dolores (call for independence)

Argentina independent

 

 

1811

Miguel Hidalgo executed by firing squad on July 31, 1811

Paraguay, Venezuela independent

War between the US and Britain

 

1813

Jose Marcia Morelos issues a Declaration of Independence, Constitution

 

 

 

1814

 

 

Napoleon exiled to Elba

 

1815

Morelos executed

 

Battle of New Orleans
Waterloo

 

1820

coup in Spain, Colonel Iturbide joins the rebels

 

 

 

1821

e
m
p
I
r
e

Mexican Independence from Spain, September 27, 1821 , Iturbide marched into the capital with Vicente Guerrero and Guadalupe Victoria and the army
Iturbide declares himself emperor of Mexico

Peru independent

 

 

1823

 
E
a
r
l
y
 
R
e
p
u
b
l
I
c

Santa Anna Plan de Casa Mata to oust the emperor
 
Iturbide goes into exile
 
Central America leaves Mexico

Monore Doctrine issued

 

 

1824

Iturbide returns to Mexico and is executed
 
1st pres of Mexico President Guadalupe Victoria 1824 -29

 

 

 

1829

President Vicente Guerrero
Spanish invasion of Mexico

 

 

 

1830

President Bustamante 1830 - 32

 

 

 

1833

Santa Anna pres

Carlist Wars in Spain

 

 

1835

 
 
 
 
S
a
n
t
a
 
A
n
n
a
 
 
M
e
x
i
c
a
n
 
A
m
 
W
a
r

Revolt of Texas

 

 

 

1836

 

 

 

 

1838

Pastry War, French blockade

 

 

Opium War

1840

Yucatan Congress approved a declaration of independence, rejoins Mexico in 1843
 
Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas declare federal republic with Laredo as the capital

 

 

 

1842

 

 

 

Hong Kong given to UK

1845

Santa Anna exiled to Cuba, Texas joins the Union
 
Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga overthrows Herrera

 

 

 

1846

Mayan Caste War, Santa Anna returns to Mexico
May 13, 1846, Congress declared war on Mexico
May 8, 1846,Battle of Palo Alto
September 21–23, 1846Battle of Monterrey
 

 

 

 

1847

Feb 23 Battle of Buena Vista
Sept 12 Battle of Chapultepec

 

 

 

1848

Feb 2 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

 

Revolutions throughout Europe
Gold discovered in California
Communist Manifesto

 

1852

Santa Anna returned to power in a coup

 

 

 

1853

Gadsen Purchase

 

 

Taiping Rebellion Starts

1854

Plan of Ayutla  to remove Santa Anna

 

Crimean War

 

1855

Santa Anna defeated and exiled, Juan Alvarez president

 

 

 

1857

W
a
r
 
o
f
 
R
e
f

Constitution of 1857, modeled after the one of 1824, president can only serve one term, reforms conataining power of church and military
 
War of the Reform starts
army declares Zuloaga the new president

 

 

 

1861

Liberals under Juarez win the War of the Reform, Juarez first Indian president
 
Spain, England and France agreed to the Convention of London

American Civil War Starts

 

 

1862

 

Spain, England and France land troops, blockade demanding repayments of debt. England and Spain depart, French troops stay. Napoleon III wants empire
French defeated at Puebla

 

 

 

1863

F
r
e
n
c
h

French install Maximilian as emperor

Gettysburg

 

 

1867

French withdraw from Mexico, Maximilian executed, Constitutional Republic restored

Cuban rebellion against Spain

 

Meiji era starts in Japan , great industrialization

1871

 

Juarez Runs for a Fourth Term despite no re election article of  the Constitution of 1857, Diaz  launches 'no re-election' revolt

 

Franco-Prussian War

 

1872

 

Mexico City - Veracruz railway  finished
Juarez dies in office, Lerdo becomes president

 

 

 

1875

 

Senate was added to the legislature

 

 

 

1876

 
P
o
r
f
i
r
i
a
t
o
 

Lerdo runs for and wins presidency again, Diaz revolts again, defeats a federal army in Tlaxcala, Diaz rules in an era known as the Porfiriato 1876 - 1911

 

 

 

1880

Manuel Gonzalez president
Banco Nacional de México was founded

 

 

 

1884

Diaz wins pres again, has the constitution amended, first to allow two terms in office, and then to remove all restrictions on re-election

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1900

growing opposition to Diaz's rule

 

 

Boxer rebellion

1890

Mexican treasury has a surplus

 

 

 

1898

 

Spanish-American War

Boer War

 

1908

Diaz announces he will not seek re-election, but does anyway

 

Ford begins assemble line production

 

1910

Francisco Madero runs against Diaz, who had Madero jailed . Diaz becomes pres over with fraud, public anger
Madero issuses call for Revolution on November 20
Beginning of the Mexican Revolution

 

 

Japan annexes Korea

1911

 
M
e
x
I
c
a
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R
e
v
o
l
u
t
I
o
n

Ciudad Juarez surrenders to the rebels Orozco and Villa
Diaz resigns
Modero wins election
Orozco rebels against Modero
Felix Diaz rebels in Veracruz

 

 

Qing Dynasty overthrown

1913

Coup starts against Modero on Feb 9
Decena Tragica in Mexico City
Gen Huerta changes sides
Modero arrested and murdered
Huerta becomes president
Coahuila Governer Carranza does not recognize Huerta
Huerta greatly enlarges army

 

 

 

1914

Americans occupy Veracruz, hundreds killed by naval fire, widespread anger at the US
Huerta resigns
Carranza holds convention at Aguascalientes
Eulalio Gutierrez as provisional president
Divid by land reformers Zapatista and Villa and Constitutionalists Carranza and Obregon

 

WWI starts
 
First Battle of the Marne

 

1915

Obregon takes Mexico City as Gutierrez flees
Battle of Celaya Obregon defeats Villa
US recognizes Carranza
Villa, angry at not getting US recognition , kills 15 Americans in Mexico and attacksColumbus, New Mexico
Pershing ordered into Mexico to catch Villa, leaves in 1917 emptyhanded

 

 

 

1917

Zimmermann Telegram  
 
Constitution of 1917, church power limited, foreigners not allowed to own land
Carranza elected president

 

 
Russian Revolution

 

1919

Zapata assassinated by federal army
Alvaro Obregon, Plutarco Callas and Adolfo de la Huerta rise in revolt
Carranza assassinated by own guard while fleeing

 

 

 

1920

Obregon  becomes president

 

 

 

1921

 

Mexico is the world's 3rd largest oil producer

 

 

 

1923

 

Villa assassinated 
America recognizes Mexico

 

Facism Starts in Italy

 

1924

 

Obregon supports the CRON union
Adolfo de la Huerta leads short lived revolt
Radical reformer Plutarco Callas becomes president

 

 

 

1926

C
r
I
s
t
e
r
o
s
 
W
a
r

Cristeros War begins, gov fights church ends 1934

Lindbergh flies across Atlantic

 

 

1928

Obregon assassinated, Callas rules till 1934 through puppets Callas creates national party PNR, later known as PRI, which holds power till the 2000

 

 

 

1934

Cardenas president
Cardenas starts major land redistribution
Callas forced into exile

 

Hitler becomes Fuher

Mao's Long March

1936

 

Cardenas nationalizes foreign oil companies PeMex founded

 

Spanish Civil War

 

1939

 

 

 

WWII starts

 

1940

 

Comacho becomes president

 

 

 

1942

 

Mexico declares war on Axis after tankers sunk by u-boats, Mexican Air force fights in Pacific

Revolution in Argentina

 

 

1946-50

 

Aleman president, major dams built, University City

 

 

Korean War

1954

 

Women allowed to vote

 

 

Dien Bien Phu falls

1959

 

 

Castro takes over Cuba

 

 

1968

 

Tlatelolco massacre
Mexico City Olympics

 

 

China Cultural Revolution

1970-76

 

Echeverría president
nationalization of banks, population control urged

Coup in Chile

 

 

1976-82

 

Oil boom years
Oil prices sink, economic crisis
foreign debt crisis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1985

 

Mexico City earthquake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1988-94

 

Salinas president
free market and private enterprise policies
Zapatista  uprising
Drug trafficing grows
Peso overvalued
NAFTA signed

 

 

 

1994 - 2000

 

Zedillo president
the Peso suddenly collapsed , known as the December Mistake, and led to an economic recesssion

 

 

 

2000-2006

 

Vicente Fox first non PRI president

 

 

 

 

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