The Presidency of Avila Camacho 1940 - 46 and World War II
Many predicted Cardenas would give his support to Francisco Mugica, a well known revolutionary . The conservatives, afraid of more socialization, promoted Juan Andreu . Cardenas, however, threw his support behind secretary of war, Avila Comacho, who was relatively unknown and called the ' Unknown Soldier.' He was known to be much more conservative than Cardenas and openly professed his faith. The leaders in the PRM felt they needed a more conservative leader with a possible world war looming .Camacho won the election of 1940 and took the reforms of before into new directions. Less land was redistributed, and emphasis was placed on giving land to individual owners, not the ejidos and fostering private ownership. More emphasis was placed on private initiative in education. Under the slogan' Each one teach one', every literate person from the president on down was to instruct one or more illiterates to read and write .Industrial expansion was encouraged by creating a government owned bank to help finance new industries and well as tax exemptions .
World War II
members of the 201 squadron
Mexico's 201st fighter squadron part 1
Mexico's 201st fighter squadron part 2
Mexico's 201st fighter squadron part 3
After the Germans attacked the Russians,the government of Comacho followed a pro-Allied course .That day after Pearl Harbor, Mexico broke diplomatic relations with the Axis powers .There was not much support for joining the War. However, on May 14 and May 24, Mexican tankers were torpedoed by German submarines and Comacho declared war . Property owned by Axis owners were seized and a secret radio station relaying information to u-boats was discovered .Squadron 201 of the Mexican air force was sent to the Japanese theater where the saw action in Taiwan and the Philippines .15,000 Mexican soldiers fought in the war, on a variety of fronts. Mexico provided many materials to the allied war effort and Mexican industry developed greatly . Mexican workers were allowed to enter America to supplement the depleted workforce. By the time the war ended there were over 300,000 Mexican workers in America .